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Improving Flexibility

Page history last edited by Jordan Kaufman 11 years, 10 months ago

Second Author: Jordan Kaufman

To do: Check references and place in footnotes

Improving Flexibility



  • Flexibility is the motion or movement of ones own body. There are many types of flexibility movements including sports, work, or everyday activites. The benefits of flexibility include: better circulation of the blood, less injuries, and more movement in the body.


Tips to Improve Flexibility

  • Warm up first
    • Doing a quick warmup before you stretch prevents injuries and maximizes your strength.
  • Drink plenty of water
    • You need water to be successful at any training, even stretching.
    • Skipping out on water can cause you to cramp.
  • Take your time
    • Don't ever bounce while stretching.
    • Hold each stretch for 30-60 seconds.
  • Don't go nuts!
    • When stretching go far enough to feel the stretch and slight discomfort, but never go so far that you feel pain.
    • Remember to breathe and don't tense up while holding the stretch.
  • Rest up and remember to eat
    • Rest and proper nutrtion is essential.
    • You must give your body the fuel and time it needs to repair and strengthen the muscles.
  • Stay consistent
    • Stretch daily
    • Alternate heavy stretching days with light stretching days.


Benefits of Improving Flexibility

  • It allows muscles to warm up, and places controlled stress on the tissues, prior to activity.
  • Having warm muscles will increase their ability to contract, as well as increase thier ability to stretch.
  • Warm muscles are much less likely to sprain.
  • It increases the blood flow to the muscles.
    • Increased blood flow will also add to a muscles ability to contract


Why Should You Stretch?

  • Stretching is useful for injury prevention and injury treatment.
  • If done properly, stretching can inrease flexibility which reduces risk of injury.
    • The reason is that a muscle or tendon group with a greater range of motion passively, will be less likely to experience tears when used actively.
  •  Stretching also is thought to improve recovery and may enhance athletic performance.
  • Increased flexibility of the neck, shoulders, and upper back may improve respiratory function.


Risks of Not Stretching

  • Partial or Full Tear of a Muscle
  • Gradual Injury
  • Loss of Range of Motion in Joints


What Determines Flexibility?

  • Joint Structure
    • Nature and structure of the joint
    • Heredity
    • Gender 
  • Muscle Elasticity and Length
    • Muscle tissue is the key to developing flexibility because it can be lengthened if it's regularly stretched.
    • Connective tissue provides structure, elasticity, and bulk and makes up about 30% of muscle mass.
    • Muscles contain both collagen and elastin so muscle tissue exhibits the properties of both types of fibers.
    • When a muscle is stretched, the wavelike elastin fibers straighten; and when the stretch is relieved they rapidly snap back to their resting position.
    • The amount of stretch a muscle will tolerate is limited.
  • Nervous System Regulation
    • When nerves detect any change in the position or force of muscles and joints, they send signals to the spine and brain, which in turn send signals back to the muscles to coordinate muscle action in ways that protect muscles and tendons from injury.
    • When a muscle is stretched, proprioceptors detect the amount and rate of the change in muscle length.
    • Modifying nervous control through movement and specific excercises is the best way to improve the functional range of motion.


Stretching Do's and Don'ts 


  • Improper stretching can cause serious injury.  










  1. http://www.videojug.com/player?type=interview&id=c6325a60-263e-8095-5207-ff0008c9669e&items=5d88529d-e330-d6e3-53bb-ff0008c9669e"

Comments (10)

Helena Baert said

at 10:00 pm on Sep 11, 2008

Well done Whitney. The only thing left to do is match the references with the text it belongs to by using footnotes. Check out how to input those by looking in the side bar for more directions. Very informative, great content and good formatting!

Sarah Kaminski said

at 8:45 am on Sep 23, 2008

your page looks great! Make sure you fix the footnotes :)

Sarah Kaminski said

at 9:47 pm on Sep 24, 2008

Make Sure you do the footnotes!!!

Sarah Kaminski said

at 3:48 pm on Sep 29, 2008

it's really important that you input the footnotes by using the PBwiki magic. YOU NEED TO DO THIS TO GET ALL YOUR PONTS!!! :)

Sarah Kaminski said

at 12:43 am on Sep 30, 2008

I was able to figure out where the picture came from and I did the correct footnote for that, but that was it.

Maggie Wermann said

at 7:11 pm on Sep 30, 2008

I really found this article useful. The picture of the dos and donts is very helpful. This was very well.

Sonya Garrison said

at 10:26 am on Oct 10, 2008

Like I said on the other, I am not flexible. I am really glad you did this right beside the benefits article. I didn't know how I could improve my flex. but now I do!!

Erin Davidson said

at 10:38 pm on Oct 13, 2008

I thought I knew a lot about stretching but I have no idea that it helped with respiratory function.

Clinton Thurman said

at 11:38 pm on Oct 13, 2008

I have been looking for some good ways to improve my flexibility and this article gave me some tips that I will have to try out.

Brinlee Duncan said

at 7:45 am on Oct 14, 2008

I love this page, especially after I read teh benefits of flexibility! Now I actually know what to do to improve flexibility.

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